Mold Detection Using Infrared Cameras

20 01 2010

For the people who lived in New Orleans when Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast, the word mold has taken on a very important meaning in their lives. After returning to the damaged homes, many homeowners began the repair process. While many repairs were done correctly, there are also many repairs that were done quickly, and incompletely.

Now, several years have gone by and the houses that were damaged by Katrina and repaired are on the market; potential home buyers must be aware of the danger of mold. Over eighty percent of the homes in New Orleans suffered some type of damage and many of them received water damage. It has become vital to make sure that a home is free of mold when purchasing it.

Mold can cause many health problems. These include allergic reactions and toxic effects due to mycotoxins. Because of these possible problems it is very important to be able to detect mold in a house. One method that can be used to detect mold in a house is by using infrared thermography.

By using an infrared camera that produces images of heat radiation, a technician can detect the existence of moisture inside of walls that cannot be seen by the human eye. Moisture and similar conditions can promote mold growth. Mold related problems can be detected by the camera before there are signs that are visible or detectable by a person other senses such as smell. But the infrared camera is not effective on its own. A technician also needs to have temperature measurements to make an informed decision about the possible mold growth. To solve this, they use cameras that can take accurate temperature measurements. By comparing the temperature measurements with infrared readings of similar structures in the area, a technician can decide if a significant temperature rise will encourage mold growth.

When a technician finds an area of suspected mold growth, the camera is an invaluable tool for documenting the information. This will help a person who is not familiar with what mold looks like or can do understand the nature of the problem within the house that they are inspecting. This information can be used in the decision making process for a home buyer or a person selling the home. Once the information is documented, the seller will have to disclose that information to any other prospective buyers.

A home buyer can find out how large the problem is within the house they are looking at, and base their purchase decision on this information. There are other ways to detect mold in a house. One way is through brute force. A person can remove the drywall and inspect it visually. This is not very accurate as the conditions that can create mold growth are not always able to be seen by the naked eye. It is also costly since whatever is removed will have to be replaced. Unless a person already plans on tearing down all the drywall in a house, this method is not an effective way to inspect for mold.

Another method for detecting mold is by using scent detection canines. The specially trained dogs can tell when mold is present. The dogs can pinpoint the specific location even when it is hidden behind walls or under floorboards. One more technology for detecting mold is by taking air samples in the house. Even when a dog detects the mold or a person visibly finds evidence of mold, air samples are still needed to determine the extent of the problem. The air samples are studied by lab tests that can determine how dangerous the mold is in a house. Infrared camera technology is readily available.

In a town like New Orleans where flooding was a large issue, there are many companies offering their infrared inspection services to the public. They can choose from many different types of cameras that offer such things as high resolution images, laser pointer, and advanced image fusion. They also have cameras that provide accurate temperature measurement. Along with the cameras, the companies also use software that will create detailed reports and inspection summaries that can be used to analyze, diagnose and make repair recommendations based on the images that were taken by the camera.

Infrared cameras are a tremendous time saver in mold detection. They can cover large areas in a shorter time period than traditional methods. They also can provide a reliable survey that can be used by prospective homebuyers, or homeowners who have suffered damage and are making a claim with their insurance company. It can also be used to make sure that the proper repairs have been done on a home that has a mold problem. Infrared technology can be used to supplement the other tools in mold detection to provide a person with complete information. The technology can also be used for early detection by finding spots that moisture can be retained. Because of all of this, the use of infrared cameras for mold detection is an invaluable tool for all home owners and homebuyers to use.

by Jeff Mechlin

Interested in a career in thermography (the science of using infrared cameras)?

Visit our Infrared Training Center for more information on getting ASNT certified for thermography.  With all the trends leaning towards green energy buildings, now is the time to start a career in thermography!

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The Benefits of Infrared Imaging in Building Inspection

20 01 2010

There are many reasons why building inspections are conducted. Governmental agencies use building inspections to check on compliance with building plans and with local codes and ordinances. Building inspections are a routine part of buying and selling homes, helping prospective sellers identify problems they are legally responsible for and helping buyers know what they are getting into.

Property manager is also use inspections for preventative maintenance. Building inspectors are called upon in the process of construction itself, to help the builders with structural design issues, storm water handling issues, and electrical concerns. As buildings age and settle, or weather storms, or undergo renovation or construction of additions, building inspectors are often called in to address safety concerns. Inspectors usually check the structure of the buildings as a whole, the foundation, the roof, the electrical systems, the plumbing systems, the interiors of walls, the attic, insulation, air conditioning, appliances, and pools.

They also look for termites and other insect infestations, as well as mold and fungus growth. Many of the tests done on these various systems are invasive and destructive. They involve drilling holes in walls, removing whole sections of walls for inspection ports, and similarly time-consuming and harmful techniques. Tests of appliances and electrical systems often involve extensive work and analysis with various meters in order to catch any potential problems, such as overheating or short circuiting. It can be almost impossible for traditional building inspection techniques to catch water damage inside walls and under the surfaces of roofs. Even to the experienced eye, a roof or wall might look dry on the outside but in fact be ready to collapse from rot on the inside.

The finding of water damage underneath a dry exterior surface is a matter of trial and error, and is very invasive, involving a lot of drilling and cutting. When water damage is found, whole roofs or walls often have to be replaced in order to fix the problem, because there is often no easy way to determine exactly where the leak started. While X-ray systems are sometimes used to see inside of walls and roofs non-destructively, X-rays can only “see” certain types of materials, and not others. They are very expensive and require a lot of training to properly use and, of course, there are serious safety issues concerning their use. Infrared cameras provide a way of seeing the insides of things. Because infrared cameras detect heat, using them to scan for temperature differences on the outside allows building inspectors to get a very good idea of what is going on in the inside.

Objects with different sizes, densities, and weights all absorbed and emit heat differently. Therefore to an infrared camera, a wall that is insulated looks different than a wall that is grouted, and both of them look different than a wall that is just empty. Because an inspector with an infrared camera can see all the inside areas of any structure, he or she can instantly determined if components are damaged, missing, or out of place. Using infrared technology, there is no need for the destructive testing methods of randomly drilling holes and installing inspection ports. Infrared cameras provide a simple means of solving the problems of traditional inspection methods. Infrared technology allows building inspectors to see problems they otherwise would have missed such as water penetration of walls and roof, leaks in the plumbing, electrical problems, and defects in the insulation.

The use of infrared cameras is not only able to detect hard to spot problems it also allows building inspector is to see problems before they become serious issues.  Infrared inspection also helps inspectors to diagnose not just the extent to but also the source of many of these problems.  This can result in a large reduction in costs. Early detection of moisture inside a wall, for instance, allows for an early, simple, cheap fix which would not be possible much later, after extended exposure to moisture creates a pervasive problem with mold. It is far cheaper to replace the small section of roof where a leak originated than it is to replace the whole roof. Infrared cameras provide a quick and effective method of moisture tracking that allows the source of any leak to be readily determined.

Because infrared cameras “see” heat, inspection with them can readily identify loose electrical connections, overloaded circuits, and shorts before electrical systems fail or, worse, start fires. A small slow leak in the plumbing can be found just by looking through an infrared camera, which is far cheaper than pulling out walls and ceilings and looking over every inch of the plumbing by eye. Old-fashioned methods of building inspection, such as visual surveillance, installation of inspection ports, and even the use of x-rays are often ineffective when and always inefficient. The use of infrared cameras makes building inspection not just far more effective but also far more cost effective.

by Jason Thompson

Interested in a career in thermography (the science of using infrared cameras)?

Visit our Infrared Training Center for more information on getting ASNT certified for thermography.  With all the trends leaning towards green energy buildings, now is the time to start a career in thermography!