Using Infrared Camera Technology to Detect Insulation Voids

20 01 2010

The modern homeowner has more reasons than ever to desire a well-insulated house. First, there is the question of comfort; a well-insulated home, warm in the winter and cool in the summer, provides a much more pleasant living space than a drafty house that is impossible to heat or air-condition.

Secondly, there is a financial incentive, because fixing leaky, gap-filled insulation can save homeowners hundreds of dollars a year that were being wasted on gas or electricity bills.

Finally, as more people worry about going “green,” they seek the comfort of knowing that their energy-efficient home is good for the environment. Reliable insulation is necessary for meeting all of those goals. There are many components to effective insulation, and the degree to which your house is protected from the temperature outdoors may vary depending on the type of insulation you have, the R-value of your insulation, the depth of your insulation, and where the insulation in your house is located. Upgrading or improving these aspects of your insulation can be effective, but also expensive.

Fortunately, there is a quick and easy way of drastically improving the insulation of your home, and that is checking for insulation voids. These are locations in your home where the insulation was improperly installed, or has shifted over time, resulting in gaps where there is no or little insulation. Checking for and fixing these problems is cheaper than changing the insulation of your entire house, and can have a significant impact on your heating and cooling bills – and infrared cameras are the easiest way to do this.

Before the invention of infrared cameras, there was no easy way to find insulation voids. One option was to examine the insulation visually, which was time-consuming and could involve lengthy examinations of little-used spaces, like attics and crawl-spaces, or even the tearing down of walls. A variety of tests to detect air leaks, like smoke tests and the blower-door tests, could sometimes indicate insulation voids but it is possible to have an insulation void without an air leak. In short, these older methods were time-consuming and inaccurate.Fortunately, infrared cameras are the perfect solution to this problem.

An infrared camera, or thermal imaging camera, is a form of “non-contact temperature measurement”. Normal cameras, which are a form of visual imaging, use the visible wavelengths of light to create an image of what we see when we look at an object. Infrared or thermographic cameras, on the other hand, use longer wavelengths of light to record an image that shows what temperature an object is. The infrared camera is not a thermometer, and does not directly measure temperature, but the infrared energy that it does detect provides information about the temperatures of the item. The range of colors in an infrared image show a range of temperatures: this shows the “thermal pattern” of an object or area and provides helpful data about the temperatures ranges present in that area.

Typically, blue colors represent colder areas, and red, yellow and white colors representing progressively hotter areas. To use an infrared camera to detect insulation voids, the thermographer needs to take photos of the house in question from a variety of angles. A trained technician can then examine these images and determine what areas of the house look unusually warm or cold. This is an indication of a probable insulation void. Meanwhile, the technician can also find gaps in duct insulation, inefficient equipment or windows, and other problems which also contribute to high heating and cooling costs. In a session as short as one hour, the technician can examine the entire house, explain the results to the homeowner, and at the same time detect faulty electrical wiring, termites, or mold.With this knowledge, homeowners can then have their insulation repaired.

An infrared camera, followed by selective visual inspection and insulation repair, is the easiest and best way to find and fix insulation voids. Compared to practices of the past, like visual inspection of the entire house, and smoke and blower tests for air leakage, the use of an infrared camera is cheaper, less time consuming, less invasive, and more precise. Also, unlike any of these other systems, the infrared camera can provide data not only on the location of the void, but also about the extent of the problem. The different colors of the image show which leaks are losing the most thermal energy, which can help determine which voids or gaps should be filled first for the maximum benefit. There are many benefits of thermography to fix insulation voids in houses. It is a completely non-invasive procedure: to determine if there are voids in the external insulation of a home, the technician may not even need to enter the house, and no walls will need to be removed unless a void has specifically been detected. It is also quick, accurate, and very specific about the location and extent of the problems. It can also help treat other problems at the same time, by providing information about windows, ducts, equipment, and other potential flaws in the home. Homeowners with any interest in increasing the comfort of their homes, decreasing their bills, and reducing their energy consumption should certainly consider having an infrared camera technician look for insulation voids in their home. This non-invasive, quick and accurate inspection is the best way to find gaps in insulation, so that they can be repaired and improve the quality of life for the home’s occupants.

by CFD





Mold Detection Using Infrared Cameras

20 01 2010

For the people who lived in New Orleans when Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast, the word mold has taken on a very important meaning in their lives. After returning to the damaged homes, many homeowners began the repair process. While many repairs were done correctly, there are also many repairs that were done quickly, and incompletely.

Now, several years have gone by and the houses that were damaged by Katrina and repaired are on the market; potential home buyers must be aware of the danger of mold. Over eighty percent of the homes in New Orleans suffered some type of damage and many of them received water damage. It has become vital to make sure that a home is free of mold when purchasing it.

Mold can cause many health problems. These include allergic reactions and toxic effects due to mycotoxins. Because of these possible problems it is very important to be able to detect mold in a house. One method that can be used to detect mold in a house is by using infrared thermography.

By using an infrared camera that produces images of heat radiation, a technician can detect the existence of moisture inside of walls that cannot be seen by the human eye. Moisture and similar conditions can promote mold growth. Mold related problems can be detected by the camera before there are signs that are visible or detectable by a person other senses such as smell. But the infrared camera is not effective on its own. A technician also needs to have temperature measurements to make an informed decision about the possible mold growth. To solve this, they use cameras that can take accurate temperature measurements. By comparing the temperature measurements with infrared readings of similar structures in the area, a technician can decide if a significant temperature rise will encourage mold growth.

When a technician finds an area of suspected mold growth, the camera is an invaluable tool for documenting the information. This will help a person who is not familiar with what mold looks like or can do understand the nature of the problem within the house that they are inspecting. This information can be used in the decision making process for a home buyer or a person selling the home. Once the information is documented, the seller will have to disclose that information to any other prospective buyers.

A home buyer can find out how large the problem is within the house they are looking at, and base their purchase decision on this information. There are other ways to detect mold in a house. One way is through brute force. A person can remove the drywall and inspect it visually. This is not very accurate as the conditions that can create mold growth are not always able to be seen by the naked eye. It is also costly since whatever is removed will have to be replaced. Unless a person already plans on tearing down all the drywall in a house, this method is not an effective way to inspect for mold.

Another method for detecting mold is by using scent detection canines. The specially trained dogs can tell when mold is present. The dogs can pinpoint the specific location even when it is hidden behind walls or under floorboards. One more technology for detecting mold is by taking air samples in the house. Even when a dog detects the mold or a person visibly finds evidence of mold, air samples are still needed to determine the extent of the problem. The air samples are studied by lab tests that can determine how dangerous the mold is in a house. Infrared camera technology is readily available.

In a town like New Orleans where flooding was a large issue, there are many companies offering their infrared inspection services to the public. They can choose from many different types of cameras that offer such things as high resolution images, laser pointer, and advanced image fusion. They also have cameras that provide accurate temperature measurement. Along with the cameras, the companies also use software that will create detailed reports and inspection summaries that can be used to analyze, diagnose and make repair recommendations based on the images that were taken by the camera.

Infrared cameras are a tremendous time saver in mold detection. They can cover large areas in a shorter time period than traditional methods. They also can provide a reliable survey that can be used by prospective homebuyers, or homeowners who have suffered damage and are making a claim with their insurance company. It can also be used to make sure that the proper repairs have been done on a home that has a mold problem. Infrared technology can be used to supplement the other tools in mold detection to provide a person with complete information. The technology can also be used for early detection by finding spots that moisture can be retained. Because of all of this, the use of infrared cameras for mold detection is an invaluable tool for all home owners and homebuyers to use.

by Jeff Mechlin

Interested in a career in thermography (the science of using infrared cameras)?

Visit our Infrared Training Center for more information on getting ASNT certified for thermography.  With all the trends leaning towards green energy buildings, now is the time to start a career in thermography!





The Use of Infrared Cameras in Detecting Roof Leaks

20 01 2010

The use of infrared cameras in detecting roof leaks has empowered the roofing industry. Before the use of infrared, roofing professionals had to go to great lengths to detect leaks caused by moisture build-up or mold, especially in the easy to build but hard to maintain flat roofs that have become exceedingly popular in recent years.

Now, time and resources that were used in the past to scout the problem can be used to solve the issue. This has been a fantastic discovery not only for the roofers who will have more time to devote to acquiring business, but for the homeowners who experience significant savings on repair costs. And for homeowners who wish to fix the leak themselves, advances in technology have made infrared cameras the most cost-effective way to detect and fix damaging roof leaks.

Prior to infrared cameras, there was typically only one way to know if your flat roof had a leak; your ceiling caved in. Expensive, regular surveying by experts was the only way to prevent this damage. Air testing may be used to search for for mold in the home that accumulates on the structure making it weak and susceptible to leaks. Helium testing using a mass spectrometer is another method that can used to search for leaks, but the expense made most home-owners search for an alternative. When infrared technology came along in the early 20th century the equipment was expensive and bulky, making commercial ownership the only viable option. With digital technology came a more cost-effective way of making these cameras allowing the roofing industry and home owners easy access to the best method of detecting roof leaks.

Using infrared to detect a roof leak can be more difficult than pointing and clicking a camera shutter; experts are required to spend a minimum of 48 months as an active thermographer and go through 120 hours of training to achieve a Level Three thermographer designation. In the hands of a professional though, roof leaks can be detected in a variety of ways.

The first is viewing the roof at a distance. While this is the safest means of locating the leak, it can be more time-consuming for the professional. The thermographer can go inside the home and locate leaks by viewing the ceiling, or simply stand on the side of a home with a traditional sloped roof top. It is important to realize that flat roofs do not have the slope of a more traditional roof top; rather than slide off the top, water that accumulates from precipitation on flat roofs simply has nowhere to go. This build-up is the number one cause of leaks in a flat roof, and infrared technology allows an invaluable early detection system.

The second method of detecting the leak is to perform a walk-on inspection, requiring the individual to climb onto the roof and view it from the top. Any activity on top of a roof can be dangerous. Falling off the roof or simply slipping can meet those who do not proceed with caution. Though a professional is constantly aware of these dangers, it’s never a bad idea to advise caution. Having performed the survey, a thermographer will locate areas where moisture has settled by locating isothermic images on the photographs. These isothermic areas are caused by the wet insulation resulting from the leak. Since the wet insulation has a higher thermal mass than the rest of the structure, the thermographer can determine the location of the leak with great accuracy. Because of these effective, cost-saving techniques infrared cameras are the best method available today to locate a roof leak.

Professional roofers now have more options available to them than ever before, and saving time and resources allow the home-owner to prevent damage before it happens and at a lower cost. Detecting a leak prior to structural damage will insure not only safety within the home, but less time and money spent on future repairs. Many roofs are damaged every day simply because the owner of the home neglected to use this method of maintenance. The benefits of using infrared cameras in detecting roof leaks should be clear even to the layman.

Expensive air or helium testing may be effective, but the time spent utilizing these methods and the cost of the equipment typically force home-owners to look for other options. Using infrared cameras takes training to use, but in the hands of a professional thermographer, the application of infrared in searching for roof leaks has become the clear front-runner in early detection. This maintenance helps to prevent and fix leaks which, in turn, provide a safe home at a reasonable cost. There is simply no better way to locate leak susceptible areas on a roof.

by Ryan M. Whitmore

Interested in a career in thermography (the science of using infrared cameras)?

Visit our Infrared Training Center for more information on getting ASNT certified for thermography.  With all the trends leaning towards green energy buildings, now is the time to start a career in thermography!  Receive Level I Thermography training in less than a week!





The Benefits of Infrared Imaging in Building Inspection

20 01 2010

There are many reasons why building inspections are conducted. Governmental agencies use building inspections to check on compliance with building plans and with local codes and ordinances. Building inspections are a routine part of buying and selling homes, helping prospective sellers identify problems they are legally responsible for and helping buyers know what they are getting into.

Property manager is also use inspections for preventative maintenance. Building inspectors are called upon in the process of construction itself, to help the builders with structural design issues, storm water handling issues, and electrical concerns. As buildings age and settle, or weather storms, or undergo renovation or construction of additions, building inspectors are often called in to address safety concerns. Inspectors usually check the structure of the buildings as a whole, the foundation, the roof, the electrical systems, the plumbing systems, the interiors of walls, the attic, insulation, air conditioning, appliances, and pools.

They also look for termites and other insect infestations, as well as mold and fungus growth. Many of the tests done on these various systems are invasive and destructive. They involve drilling holes in walls, removing whole sections of walls for inspection ports, and similarly time-consuming and harmful techniques. Tests of appliances and electrical systems often involve extensive work and analysis with various meters in order to catch any potential problems, such as overheating or short circuiting. It can be almost impossible for traditional building inspection techniques to catch water damage inside walls and under the surfaces of roofs. Even to the experienced eye, a roof or wall might look dry on the outside but in fact be ready to collapse from rot on the inside.

The finding of water damage underneath a dry exterior surface is a matter of trial and error, and is very invasive, involving a lot of drilling and cutting. When water damage is found, whole roofs or walls often have to be replaced in order to fix the problem, because there is often no easy way to determine exactly where the leak started. While X-ray systems are sometimes used to see inside of walls and roofs non-destructively, X-rays can only “see” certain types of materials, and not others. They are very expensive and require a lot of training to properly use and, of course, there are serious safety issues concerning their use. Infrared cameras provide a way of seeing the insides of things. Because infrared cameras detect heat, using them to scan for temperature differences on the outside allows building inspectors to get a very good idea of what is going on in the inside.

Objects with different sizes, densities, and weights all absorbed and emit heat differently. Therefore to an infrared camera, a wall that is insulated looks different than a wall that is grouted, and both of them look different than a wall that is just empty. Because an inspector with an infrared camera can see all the inside areas of any structure, he or she can instantly determined if components are damaged, missing, or out of place. Using infrared technology, there is no need for the destructive testing methods of randomly drilling holes and installing inspection ports. Infrared cameras provide a simple means of solving the problems of traditional inspection methods. Infrared technology allows building inspectors to see problems they otherwise would have missed such as water penetration of walls and roof, leaks in the plumbing, electrical problems, and defects in the insulation.

The use of infrared cameras is not only able to detect hard to spot problems it also allows building inspector is to see problems before they become serious issues.  Infrared inspection also helps inspectors to diagnose not just the extent to but also the source of many of these problems.  This can result in a large reduction in costs. Early detection of moisture inside a wall, for instance, allows for an early, simple, cheap fix which would not be possible much later, after extended exposure to moisture creates a pervasive problem with mold. It is far cheaper to replace the small section of roof where a leak originated than it is to replace the whole roof. Infrared cameras provide a quick and effective method of moisture tracking that allows the source of any leak to be readily determined.

Because infrared cameras “see” heat, inspection with them can readily identify loose electrical connections, overloaded circuits, and shorts before electrical systems fail or, worse, start fires. A small slow leak in the plumbing can be found just by looking through an infrared camera, which is far cheaper than pulling out walls and ceilings and looking over every inch of the plumbing by eye. Old-fashioned methods of building inspection, such as visual surveillance, installation of inspection ports, and even the use of x-rays are often ineffective when and always inefficient. The use of infrared cameras makes building inspection not just far more effective but also far more cost effective.

by Jason Thompson

Interested in a career in thermography (the science of using infrared cameras)?

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